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CPS data summary Quarter 1 2021-2022

|Publication, Sexual offences , Domestic abuse , Hate crime

Introduction

This Q1 data release covers the three-month period 1 April to 30 June 2021, with the previous three quarters provided to illustrate trends.

A number of new metrics have been introduced into the publication. These are as follows:

  • Pre-charge outcomes by Principal Offence Category (POC) 
  • Pre-charge outcomes for Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) and sexual offences excluding rape 
  • Disclosure data
  • Reasons for non-conviction
  • Prosecution outcomes by court type

The focus of this summary continues to be the impact of and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. In Q1 21/22 the key points to note are as follows:

  • Receipts from the police have remained relatively static, a small increase of 1.3% from 47,644 in Q4 20/21 to 48,250 in Q1 21/22. However, there has been a sharp drop in the number of transphobic crime receipts, down 70% to 8 this quarter).
  • The proportion of pre-charge decisions where the outcome is to authorise a charge is the highest it has been in the last eight quarters at 77.1%. There have been increases in all principal offence categories over the last quarter, with the exception of drug offences which has remained quite static.
  • The proportion of pre-charge decisions where the outcome is to authorise a charge for rape flagged suspects is at a high of 69.3%, and the volume of completed prosecutions is higher for the third successive quarter than the volume in the last quarter before the pandemic (601 in Q1 21/22 compared to 480 in Q4 19/20). However this is not translating to convictions, with the conviction rate reducing quite considerably from 72.9% in Q2 20/21 down to 66.2% in Q1 21/22. The rape conviction rate saw an artificial increase during the COVID-19 pandemic due to a high proportion of guilty pleas for those cases which came through the system. 
  • The amount of days it takes from receipt to charge has been increasing quarter on quarter. It takes 10.4 more days from receipt to charge in Q1 21/22 when compared to the same quarter last year, increasing from 27.3 days to 39.5. Rape investigation timeliness had been on a positive downward trend, however has significantly increased from 125.4 days in Q2 20/21 to 170.2 days in Q1 21/22.
  • Out of court disposals have dropped by 35% when comparing Q1 21/22 to Q4 20/21. This is a significant reduction having been at a relatively consistent rate during the year period 20/21. 
  • Overall, the percentage of suspects finalised as ‘pending response – further investigation’ increased from 11% in Q1 2020/2021 to 13% in Q1 2021/2022. However, when focusing on principal offence category it is clear this is largely due to issues with acquisitive crimes, with burglary, robbery and theft & handling offences – the only principal offence categories experiencing increases. The percentage of suspects finalised as ‘pending response – further investigation’ in the sexual offences category is showing a steady decrease from 20% in Q1 2020/2021 to 17% in 2021/2022, although is still significantly above the ‘all crime’ average.
  • There are signs that the past reductions in completed prosecutions may be plateauing, having fallen by only 0.4% in this quarter, from 110,070 to 109,685. This is mirrored in the conviction volume and rate which have seen minimal changes to the previous quarter from 90,758 to 90,730 and from 82.5% to 82.7% respectively. Domestic Abuse convictions however have been going down quite steadily since Q3 20/21 down 7% from 12,044 to 11,247 in Q4 20/21 and down 6% to 10,607 in Q1 21/22. The conviction rate for RASSO cases excluding rape is stable around the 85% mark, having fluctuated between 84% and 86% in the previous 12 months. The volume of convictions is just below the 2000 mark and has been for the last 3 quarters, with the volume of non-convictions being around the 350 mark.
  • The volume of BAME suspects charged reduced at twice the rate of White British suspects in this quarter from 2,242 in Q4 20/21 to 1,986 in Q1 21/22 (down 11%) compared to the 5% reduction seen between Q4 20/21 15,237 and Q1 21/22 14,416.

Overall pre-charge and prosecutions

Receipts from the police

Following a downward trend over 20/21, volumes of receipts have experienced a very slight uplift of 1.3% in Q1 21/22 with 48,250 compared to 47,644 in Q4 20/21.

TimelinessThe average time for the police and CPS to charge continues to rise, from 36.5 days in Q4 20/21 to 39.5 days in Q1 21/22.
Charging

The proportion of suspects charged (out of all legal decisions) has increased from 73.8% in Q4 20/21 to 77.1% in Q1 21/22. This is higher than was experienced in the period before COVID-19.

The volume of defendants continues on a downward trend, which has been ongoing for the last two years and further amplified by the COVID-19 lockdown. There were 22% fewer defendants in Q1 21/22 compared to Q1 19/20.

Completed prosecutions

After the significant decrease in Q1 20/21 due to lockdown the volumes are broadly similar to pre-COVID-19 levels in Q1 21/22. There were 109,685 completed prosecutions in Q1 21/22. For comparison in the quarter before the first COVID-19 lockdown (Q4 19/20) 107,497 prosecutions were completed.

Convictions

After a period of quite considerable fluctuation over the previous performance year, convictions have levelled when compared to the previous quarter. There were 90,758 in Q4 20/21 compared to 90,730 in this quarter. 

The conviction rate has remained stable too, increasing very slightly from 82.5% to 82.7% compared to the last quarter.

Hate crime

Receipts from the police

The volume of police receipts has fallen very slightly from 2,183 in Q4 20/21 to 2,145 in Q1 21/22.

Notably, the number of police receipts for Transphobic hate crime has dropped to 8 for this quarter, when the average quarterly figure is usually three times this amount.

Completed prosecutions

Completed prosecutions have dropped by 3% compared to the previous quarter, from 3,392 in Q4 20/21 to 3,291 in Q1 21/22.

Uplifts

The proportion of convictions with an announced and recorded sentence uplift has remained relatively consistent over the last four quarters, with a slight dip of 1% from 78.9% to 77.9% during this quarter.

Conviction rate

The conviction rate for hate crime has been steadily declining over the last four quarters, from 90% in Q2 20/21 to 84.7% in Q1 21/22. 

Whilst still above the all crime conviction rate, this trend will be monitored closely. 

Domestic abuse

Receipts from the police

The volume of pre-charge receipts from the police has shown a very slight increase after a steady decline over the last 18 months. This may be indicative of receipt levels reaching a plateau, although more data will be required to be definitive.

There were 16,504 receipts from the police in Q1 21/22 compared to 16,022 in Q4 20/21, an increase of 3%.

Timeliness

The average time from first submission by the police to the CPS decision to charge has declined slightly from 22.3 in Q4 20/21 to 21.0 in Q1 21/22. However, this is still considerably higher than the pre-COVID-19 quarter (Q4 19/20) rates of 15.4 days. 

Charging

The volume charged continues on its downward trend since Q4 19/20, with larger percentage reductions quarter on quarter. The last two quarters have dropped by 7% compared to average reductions of 3% earlier on. During Q1 21/22 there were 10,840 compared to 11,709 in Q4 20/21. 

The proportion charged (out of all legal decisions) is the highest it has been since pre-COVID-19 at 73.2% this quarter, an increase of 3 percentage points on the previous.

Completed prosecutions

The volume of completed prosecutions continues to decline from 14,695 in Q4 20/21 to 13,938 in Q1 21/22. This continues to be affected by the recovery from the pandemic.

Convictions

Over the past four quarters convictions have been on a downward trend quarter on quarter, now at 10,607 compared to 12,363 in Q2 20/21. 

The conviction rate has dropped slightly from 76.5% in both Q3 and Q4 20/21 to 76.1% in Q1 21/22.

Dropped prosecutions

The proportion of dropped prosecutions has increased very slightly from 17.4% in Q4 20/21 to 17.8% in Q1 21/22.

Rape

Receipts from the police

There were 883 pre-charge receipts from the police, which is down 2% compared to 905 in Q4 20/21.

Timeliness

The average time from first submission by the police to the CPS decision to charge has risen considerably from 155.1 days in Q4 20/21 to 170.2 days in Q1 21/22.This is over four times as long as all crime timeframes.

Charging

The proportion of suspects charged (out of all legal decisions) was 69.3% in Q1 21/22. This is the highest this figure has been in the last eight quarters.

The volume of suspects being charged has declined slightly from 529 in Q4 20/21 to 504 in Q1 21/22.

Pending Response – Further Investigation

The percentage of decisions that were pending response during this quarter was 28.1%, down 2.9 percentage points on the previous quarter.

Completed prosecutions

The volume prosecuted continues to be on an upward trend as recovery from the pandemic continues. There were 601 completed prosecutions during Q1 21/22, almost double the amount of prosecutions during this quarter when compared to Q2 20/21 figure of 306.  Convictions increased from 223 to 398 in the same period (+78.5%).

Impact of COVID-19

Despite gradual reductions, the CPS live caseload remains far above pre-pandemic levels

Live caseload continues to decrease at a steady rate, a further fall of 5% from 165,157 in Q4 20/21 to 157,003 in Q1 21/22, however they remain 43% higher than the pre-pandemic quarter (Q4 19/20) figure of 109,469. 

Finalisations have reduced by a further 7%, falling from 40,637 to 38,350, whereas receipts have remained static with a 0.3% reduction.

 

 

 

 

 


The magistrates’ court caseload is reducing

The magistrates’ court live caseload continues to fall at a swifter rate, falling by a further 10% from 96,605 in Q4 20/21 to 86,992 in Q1 21/22.

The caseload remains 22,791 (35%) higher than pre-pandemic. The number of cases finalised is still just exceeding the number of cases received, allowing the number of live cases to fall.

Part of the fall in the magistrates’ court live caseload is due to cases being sent to the Crown Court. These have not left the Criminal Justice System but have moved to the Crown Court live caseload.

 

 

 


The Crown Court caseload is increasing

The live caseload in the Crown Court continues to rise, although at a more steady rate than in recent quarters. There has been a 2.2% increase from 68,552 in Q4 20/21 to 70,011 in Q1 21/22. The caseload is now 24,743 (55%) higher than pre-pandemic. 

The number of cases received remains higher than finalisations, although the gap has narrowed significantly during this quarter. The impact of this is that the number of live cases has continued to increase.

 

 

 

 


About CPS data

The CPS uses management information to understand and address performance issues. This data is regularly shared with partners in the Criminal Justice System to improve understanding of efficiency and effectiveness, and where necessary, support the development of system-wide reforms.

Previously, the CPS has published annual data on Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG) offences and hate crime. In order to enhance accountability and transparency in regards to CPS performance, the CPS will now publish quarterly data on a wider range of offence types.

The CPS does not publish official statistics. The official statistics relating to crime and policing are maintained by the Home Office and Office for National Statistics. Official statistics relating to sentencing, criminal court proceedings, offenders brought to justice, the courts and the judiciary are maintained by the Ministry of Justice. CPS management information is derived from the CPS case management system, and as with any large scale recording system, data is subject to possible errors in entry and processing. The figures are provisional and subject to change as more information is recorded by the CPS.

Note in particular that the CPS maintains a central record of prosecution outcomes with reference to a number of case monitoring flags, including modern slavery and human trafficking, hate crime, domestic abuse, and rape. CPS statistics are dependent upon lawyers and administrative staff identifying and correctly flagging cases on the case management system. CPS data is accurate only to the extent that flags have been correctly applied. Note also that:

  • A flag is applied at the onset of any case referred by the police to the CPS, and remains in place even if the charge is not proceeded with, is amended, or dropped.
  • A flag may be applied at a later point which differs from that originally identified by the police.
  • Although charges specifically related to a flag may be considered at the time of the pre-charge decision, the defendant may in fact be charged with another offence. Similarly, there may be cases where a person is convicted of a lesser offence than that with which they were proceeded against.

Understanding CPS data

In these statistics, a defendant represents one person in a single set of proceedings, which may involve one or more charges. A set of proceedings usually relates to an incident or series of related incidents that are the subject of a police file. If a set of proceedings relates to more than one person then each is counted as a defendant. Sometimes one person is involved in several sets of proceedings during the same year: if so, he or she is counted as a defendant on each occasion.

The quarterly casework statistics in these reports, comprise defendants dealt with by the 14 CPS Areas and thosedealt with in specialised casework handled by CPS Central Casework Divisions. This includes those proceedings previously conducted by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP), the Department of Health (DoH) and the former Revenue and Customs Prosecution Office.

The data that forms the basis of this release is derived from the CPS Case Management System (CMS) and its associated Management Information System (MIS). The data is held in a database within the MIS, based on defendants. The tables include total data on all defendants irrespective of sex or gender. Data has been broken down by overall volumes and proportions.

Pre-charge decision data

Pre-charge receipts:

The total number of suspects referred by the police to the CPS for a charging decision.

The number of pre-charge receipts, for different crime types, referred by the police relies on: (a) the police identifying and flagging the cases, by suspect, prior to being referred to CPS and (b) CPS administrators identifying and flagging those cases on the CPS Casework Management System, when they are first registered.

Pre-charge decisions:

Of all the suspects referred by the police, pre-charge decisions are those where the CPS has completed making a decision on whether to charge; take no further action; recommend an out of court disposal; record thecase as Pending response - for further investigation; or ‘other’. The volume of pre-charge decisions, for each different crime type, completed by the CPS will be a total of those referred by the police (flagged by the police and CPS at registration) together with any flagged by CPS prosecutors and administrators at a later date, but before the final pre-charge decision is completed. The total pre-charge decision data is based on the date the charging advice was completed and provided to the police. Therefore, data in this data release may include pre-charge decisions on cases referred by the police to the CPS in previous quarters or years.

Pre-charge legal decisions include: charge, take no further action; and recommend an out of court disposal.

Charged:

Charging decisions are where the CPS is satisfied that the legal test for prosecution, set out in the Code for Crown Prosecutors, is met: there is enough evidence to provide a ‘realistic prospect of conviction’ against each defendant and the prosecution is in the public interest.

No Further Action:

NFA decisions are where the CPS has decided that no further action should be taken; the case cannot proceed to charge as it does not meet the Code for Crown Prosecutor test, for either evidential or public interest reasons.

Out of court disposals:

A simple caution, conditional caution, reprimand, final warning or taken into consideration (TIC) issued by the CPS at pre-charge stage.

Pre-charge non-legal decisions include: pending response - further investigation finalised and ‘other’.

Pending response - further investigation:

Decisions recorded as Pending response - further investigation are finalised in the CPS Case Management System for administrative reasons following any further requests of the investigating authority.  These are not legal decisions and may not be the end of the case.

These decisions were formerly known as Administrative finalisations. The change in the term used is designed to provide a clearer explanation of what has happened to the case. This follows recommendations to change the terminology used, both by Her Majesty’s Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate and in the November 2020 shadow report: The Decriminalisation of Rape. This is a report by The Centre for Women’s Justice, the End Violence against Women Coalition, et al. in response to the England and Wales Governments' “end to end” Review of the Criminal Justice System’s Response to Rape.

The reasons for recording a Pending response - further investigation outcome are:

  • The CPS may ask the police to provide further information where there is insufficient evidence to make a charging decision, or the police are requesting early investigative advice. If the police do not respond within three months, following reminders, the case is closed on CMS. If the police provide additional evidence, the case is reopened in CMS and, if possible, a charging decision is made.
  • Cases where the CPS have advised the police to charge but the suspect has not been charged, due to the suspect not answering police bail or being located. If the suspect is subsequently located and charged the case is reopened in CMS.
  • Cases where a file submission has been rejected at triage because items are missing, and the police have been asked to supply the additional material and have not responded to reminders.
  • Where the case has been returned to the police, with or without a lawyer’s advice and/or actions, and the police decide to take no further action on the allegation.
  • The suspect has died.

Other:

The result of the charging decision is not known or has not been given for that suspect.

Prosecution outcomes data

CPS outcomes are recorded on a defendant basis. In some cases, a number of defendants may be prosecuted together. All defendants may be convicted; all may be acquitted; or some may be convicted and others acquitted.

Conviction outcomes:

Guilty pleas:

The defendant pleads guilty. The data includes defendants who pleaded guilty to some charges and were either convicted or dismissed after trial of other charges.

Convictions after trial:

The defendant pleads not guilty but is convicted by the magistrates or by a jury after evidence is heard.

Proofs in absence:

These are mostly minor motoring matters which are heard by the court in the absence of the defendant.

Non-conviction outcomes:

Acquittals/Dismissals after trial:

The defendant pleads not guilty and, following a trial, is acquitted by the jury or proceedings are dismissed by the magistrates.

Prosecutions dropped:

Consideration of the evidence and of the public interest may lead the CPS to discontinue or drop proceedings at any time before the start of the trial. The figures include both cases discontinued in advance of the hearing, where the CPS offered no evidence and those withdrawn at court. Also included are cases in which the defendant was bound over to keep the peace.

Administratively finalised (post charge):

When the prosecution cannot proceed because the defendant has failed to appear at court and a Bench Warrant has been issued for his or her arrest; or the defendant has died; been found unfit to plead; or where proceedings are adjourned indefinitely. If the police trace a missing defendant, then proceedings can continue.

Discharged:

Committal proceedings in which the defendant is discharged.

Reasons for non-convictions 

All cases resulting in an outcome other than a conviction are allocated a reason explaining why the case failed. If more than one reason applies, the principal reason is selected. Cases resulting in a post charge administrative finalisation are allocated the reason 'Admin Finalised'; no other reason need be recorded. If the defendant pleads not guilty, evidence is heard and the defence is required to present its case; and the case then results in acquittal or dismissal, then the reason 'Acquittal after trial' is allocated; no other reason applies. A reason must be allocated for all other non-conviction outcomes i.e. discontinued, withdrawn, no evidence offered, no case to answer, prosecution stayed, indictment stayed, left on file, judge directed acquittal, discharged committal.

Acquittals after trial: The defendant is found not guilty by the magistrates or jury after a contested hearing in which the defence is called on to present its case. (Cases dismissed no case to answer or judge directed acquittals are not included). 

Post-charge administrative finalisation: When a prosecution cannot proceed because a defendant: has failed to appear at court and a Bench Warrant has been issued for his or her arrest; or the defendant has died, or is found unfit to plead; or where proceedings are adjourned indefinitely. If a Bench Warrant is executed the case may be reopened. 

Complainant/Witness issues: This reason should be used when the evidence of the complainant/witness supports the prosecution case, but one or more of the following apply: 
the complainant/witness fails to attend;
the complainant/witness refuses to be called;
the complainant/witness refuses to give evidence as a witness;
the complainant/witness withdraws a complaint;
the case includes complainants/witnesses who have been intimidated but it is inappropriate to compel them to attend court. 

and 

If the evidence of the complainant/witness fails to support the prosecution of the defendant including issues of credibility leading to a non-conviction outcome, but the complainant/witness has not retracted. 

Disclosure reasons: These are reasons identifying where an issue with the disclosure of unused material occurred, including timeliness or failure to provide material. The disclosure reasons can be disaggregated to provide more detailed analysis of the reason for the non-conviction outcome.

  • D77 Police/Investigator fault, including the timeliness and quality of disclosure – this reason applies when issues arising in the unused material were not dealt with adequately by the investigator, including failure to bring material to the attention of the prosecutor in a timely way and failing to provide schedules or requested material.
  • D78 CPS fault, including timeliness and quality of disclosure – this reason applies when issues arising in the unused material were not dealt with adequately by the prosecutor, including failure to review material and incorrect decision making on disclosure.
  • D79 Other party fault, including timeliness and quality of disclosure - applies when issues in the unused material were the fault of a third party, for example in failing to provide access to relevant material in a timely way or refusing to allow access to material required to enable any trial to be fair.
  • D80 No fault: Timeliness and quality acceptable but disclosure was a factor - applies if the case ended because of issues with the content of unused material but in circumstances where neither investigator, prosecutor or third party were at fault.
  • D81 No fault: Public interest immunity issues - applies if the case is stopped because disclosure of material is required which, because of its nature, would have the effect of disclosing that which the prosecutor considers should not in the public interest be disclosed.

Evidential reasons: These include all other evidential reasons.

Public interest reasons: These include all other public interest reasons.

Other: This applies to cases where: there is a CPS process failure, such as papers or evidence not being served and the court refuses to grant an adjournment; where a non-conviction outcome stems from either an issue of diplomatic immunity or the deportation or extradition of the defendant; or where no other reason applies.

Prosecution principal offence category data

The Principal Offence Category indicates the most serious offence with which the defendant is charged at the time of finalisation. Where the nature of the charges alters during the life of a case, the Principal Offence at the time of finalisation may be different than would have seemed appropriate at an earlier stage of proceedings. In all such cases the Principal Offence category to be recorded is that which applies at finalisation, regardless of whether this is more serious, or less serious, than would have applied earlier in the life of the case.   

Offences are divided into 12 categories: homicide, offences against the person, sexual offences, burglary, robbery, theft & handling, fraud & forgery, criminal damage, drugs offences, public order, motoring, and all other offences excluding motoring.

CPS records do not identify the principal offence for cases resulting in an administrative finalisation or where the defendant has been committed for sentence. These are excluded from Table 2.1-2.31, Prosecution Data Tables.

Pre-charge principal offence category data

The Pre-Charge Principal Offence Category indicates the most serious alleged offence being considered at the first charging decision consultation for that suspect, irrespective of the outcome of the charging decision. If a decision is made to charge a suspect, the Pre-Charge Principal Offence Category should be allocated based on the most serious offence considered not the most serious offence which may be subsequently charged. In all such cases the Principal Offence category to be recorded is that which applied at the first consultation, regardless of whether this is more serious, or less serious, than would have applied later in the life of the case.

Offences are divided into 12 categories: homicide; offences against the person; sexual offences; burglary; robbery; theft & handling; fraud & forgery; criminal damage; drugs offences; public order; motoring; and all other offences excluding motoring.

CPS records do not identify the pre-charge principal offence for cases recorded as pending response – further investigation. These are excluded from Table 6.1, Pre-Charge Data Tables.

Monitoring flags

The CPS monitoring of cases involving offences of child abuse, crimes against older people, domestic abuse, hate crime, modern slavery and rape involve the application of monitoring ‘flags’ or case-markers to applicable cases that are recorded on the CPS’ electronic Case Management System (CMS). The data that is produced through the application of the flag is primarily used for monitoring performance on all cases that involve allegations or charges where these categories of criminal offending apply. The data is accurate only to the extent that the flags have been correctly applied.

The flag is applied from the onset of the case and will remain in place even if the charges are later amended or dropped. If a case commences under a different offence but during the prosecution an applicable charge is preferred, the case is flagged at that stage.

Child abuse:

Any criminal offence which falls within the criteria set out in Appendix A of the Working Together to Safeguard Children document and/or as defined in the CPS legal guidance on Child Abuse and involves a victim under the age of 18.

Child abuse includes physical, emotional and sexual criminal offences, as well as neglect, of a child. Such cases would normally include, for example:

  • parental assault where reasonable chastisement is not a defence;
  • sexual offences;
  • child homicides;
  • child cruelty, including neglect;
  • child prostitution;
  • harassment;
  • abandonment of a child;
  • forced marriage involving an under 18 year-old;
  • child pornography;
  • trafficked children;
  • familial abduction; and
  • non-recent child abuse where victim is now an adult.

Cases that would not normally be expected to be flagged include:

  • motoring offences where the child has been injured or killed;
  • medical negligence; and
  • property offences.

Crime against an older person:

Where the victim is 65 or over, any criminal offence which is perceived by the victim or any other person, to be committed by reason of the victim’s vulnerability through age or presumed vulnerability through age.

Disability hate crime:

Any incident which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice towards a person because of their disability or perceived disability.

Domestic abuse:

Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between those who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality. Family members include mother, father, son, daughter, sister, and grandparents, whether directly related, in laws or step family. This is not an exhaustive list and may also be extended to uncles, aunts, cousins etc.

Homophobic crime:

Any incident which is perceived by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a person’s sexual orientation or perceived sexual orientation.

Human trafficking/Modern slavery

The following offences are flagged as human trafficking/modern slavery.

  • Offences committed prior to 31st July 2015, are:
  • Sexual Offences Act 2003 (Section 57)
  • Sexual Offences Act 2003 (Section 58)
  • Sexual Offences Act 2003 (Section 59)
  • Sexual Offences Act 2003 (Section 59A)
  • Asylum and Immigration [Treatment of Claimants] Act 2004 Section 4(1)
  • Asylum and Immigration [Treatment of Claimants] Act 2004 Section 4(2)
  • Asylum and Immigration [Treatment of Claimants] Act 2004 Section 4(3)
  • Asylum and Immigration [Treatment of Claimants] Act 2004 Section 4(1A)
  • Asylum and Immigration [Treatment of Claimants] Act 2004 Section 4(1B)
  • Asylum and Immigration [Treatment of Claimants] Act 2004 Section 4(1C)
  • Coroners and Justice Act 2009 (Section 71)

The Modern Slavery Act 2015 came into force on 31st July 2015. The offences to be flagged after this date are:

  • Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Section 1(a))
  • Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Section 1(b))
  • Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Section 2)
  • Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Section 4(2))
  • Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Section 4(3))

Racist crime:

Any incident which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by a hostility or prejudice based on a person’s ethnicity or perceived ethnicity.

Religious crime:

Any incident which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by a hostility or prejudice based on a person’s religion or perceived religion.

Rape:

The following offences are defined and flagged as rape by the CPS.

  • S1 Sexual Offences Act 1956
  • S5 Sexual Offences Act 1956
  • S1 Sexual Offences Act 2003
  • S5 Sexual Offences Act 2003
  • S30(3) Sexual Offences act 2003, also
    • An attempt to commit any of the above offences under the Criminal Attempts Act 1981
    • Incitement or conspiracy to commit any of the above offences

Transphobic crime:

Any incident which is perceived by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a person’s transgender identity or perceived transgender identity.

Data caveats

Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) caseload data are available through its Case Management System (CMS) and associated Management Information System (MIS). The CPS collects data to assist in the effective management of its prosecution functions. The CPS does not collect data which constitutes official statistics as defined in the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007.

These data have been drawn from the CPS's administrative IT system, which, as with any large scale recording system, is subject to possible errors with data entry and processing. The figures are provisional and subject to change as more information is recorded by the CPS. We are committed to improving the quality of our data and from mid-June 2015 introduced a new data assurance regime which may explain some unexpected variance in some future data sets.

The official statistics relating to crime and policing are maintained by the Home Office and the official statistics relating to sentencing, criminal court proceedings, offenders brought to justice, the courts and the judiciary are maintained by the Ministry of Justice.

Available to download

Prosecution Data Tables Year Ending June 2021 (Excel Spreadsheet)
Pre-Charge Data Tables Year Ending June 2021 (Excel Spreadsheet)
Prosecution Demographic Data Tables Year Ending June 2021 (Excel Spreadsheet)
Prosecution Crime Types Data Tables Year Ending June 2021 (Excel Spreadsheet)
Additional Data: Impact of COVID-19: Quarter 1 2021-2022

Further reading

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