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Being a victim or a witness to a crime is not easy, but, with your help, we work hard to bring offenders to justice. Throughout the justice process we will support you and treat you with dignity.

The aim of witness care units is to provide a single point of contact for Victims and Witnesses, minimising the stress of attending court and keeping  victims and witnesses up to date with any news in a way that is convenient to them.

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Sexual Offences

The Sexual Offences Act 2003 updated the law, much of which dated back to 1956.

The main provisions of the Act include the following:

  • Rape is widened to include oral penetration
  • Significant changes to the issue of consent
  • Specific offences relating to children under 13, 16 and 18
  • Offences to protect vulnerable persons with a mental disorder
  • Other miscellaneous offences
  • Strengthening the notification requirements and providing new civil preventative orders

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DPP announces highest ever conviction rate for domestic violence at Women's Aid conference


The Director of Public Prosecutions, speaking at the Women's Aid national conference in Birmingham on 2 July, will announce the highest ever recorded conviction rate for domestic violence prosecutions.

Alison Saunders will tell the conference that 74.6% of those prosecuted for domestic violence were convicted in 2013-4. This is 58,276 defendants. Domestic violence now makes up more than ten per cent of CPS total casework.

Prosecutions for offences of Violence against Women and Girls overall also showed the highest ever conviction rate at 74.4%, and an 11% increase in the volume of defendants charged since 2012-13. Over 8,000 more cases than last year were brought to court, with over 6,500 more convictions.

Alison Saunders, the Director of Public Prosecutions, said: "The conviction rate for domestic violence is higher than ever before. Three quarters of people who are prosecuted for domestic violence offences are now convicted. What's more, nine in ten of the domestic violence convictions arise from guilty pleas meaning that the vast majority of victims are spared having to give evidence in court.  I hope victims of these terrible offences will take some confidence from this, and that perpetrators will take note.

"I am incredibly proud of what the CPS has achieved in recent years in tackling violence against women and girls. Taken as a whole, referrals from police are up, prosecutions are up, and convictions are up.  This is in no small part due to the leadership shown by dedicated specialist coordinators in every CPS area and the determination of our prosecutors and case workers to see justice done for victims of crime. The work of external experts from organisations such as Women's Aid and rape crisis centres has been invaluable locally and nationally to inform our policies and practice.  We remain committed to building on our achievements further and continuing to address areas for improvement."

The Solicitor General, Oliver Heald QC MP said: "Violence against women and girls is not acceptable, and those that commit violence need to know that they are not going to get away with it. Getting that message across is one of our key priorities and the criminal justice system has a key role to play acting as a deterrent to would-be offenders, and punishing those who do commit these crimes.

"I'm pleased to see the vast improvement the CPS has made in handling their prosecutions for these sorts of crimes, and that we have the highest ever conviction rate in Domestic Violence cases. There is still more to do, but this is good news and shows what can be done when the whole criminal justice system works together to make improvements."

Polly Neate, Chief Executive of Women's Aid said: "We welcome the new statistics from the CPS today that show the highest ever recorded conviction rate for domestic violence prosecutions. It is vital that women experiencing abuse feel confident that they will be taken seriously and supported by the criminal justice system; this increase in the conviction rate sends a strong message that the CPS is committed to ensuring victims get justice. It also signals to perpetrators that their behaviour is unacceptable and they will be held accountable. We look forward to continuing to work with the CPS and other frontline agencies to make further progress in ensuring that all perpetrators of domestic violence are prosecuted and convicted. Ultimately, both we and the CPS hope to ensure that women and children who experience domestic violence are able to access the justice they deserve."

The DPP will speak at the Women's Aid national conference as the seventh annual CPS Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) Crime Report is published.

In addition to the highest ever recorded conviction rate for domestic violence, and for violence against women and girls as a whole, the report also shows:

  • Sexual offences: The volume of convictions for sexual offences excluding rape reached the highest ever volume at 6,756, a rise of 13% from the year before.
  • Child abuse: volume of prosecutions reached 7,998 - a rise of 440 (5.8%) since 2012-13. There was a rise in the volume of convictions in the overall child abuse cases from 5,755 in 2012-13 to 6,096 in 2013-14 (from 76.1% convicted in 2012-13 to 76.2% in 2013-14).
  • Forced marriage: The volume of forced marriage referrals from the police rose to 67 in 2013-14 - from 59 in 2012-13.  Forty two (62.7% of these referrals) were charged, the highest volumes ever recorded and the same proportion as in 2012-13.
  • Honour based violence: The volume of referrals from the police of honour based violence related offences rose to 240 in 2013-14 - from 230 in 2012-13. One hundred and fifty eight (65.8%) of these referrals were charged, the highest volumes and proportions ever recorded.

In June, the DPP and the national policing lead for adult sexual offences announced a major new action plan to tackle rape after statistics for the year 2013-14 - which are included in today's report - showed that the steady rise in the conviction rate had halted, despite a rise in volume. The published action plan set out their clear commitment to addressing the issues preventing rape cases from successfully progressing through the criminal justice system.


Notes to Editors

  1. For media enquiries call the CPS Press Office on 020 3357 0906; Out of Hours Pager 07699 781 926
  2. The CPS consists of 13 Areas in total, each headed by a Chief Crown Prosecutor (CCP). In addition, there are four national casework divisions: Central Fraud, Welfare Rural & Health, Special Crime & Counter Terrorism and Organised Crime. A 'virtual' 14th Area is CPS Direct which provides charging decisions to all police forces and other investigators across England and Wales - it operates twenty-four hours, seven days a week, 365 days a year.
  3. At 31 March 2013 we employed a workforce of approximately 6840 staff (full time equivalent), including around 2350 prosecutors and 4110 caseworkers and administrators. Further information can be found on our website:
  4. The CPS, together with ACPO and media representatives, has developed a Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media. This sets out the type of prosecution material that will normally be released, or considered for release, together with the factors we will take into account when considering requests. Read the Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media.