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Crimes involving young people

Young people as victims and witnesses

Being a victim or a witness to a crime is not easy, but we work hard to bring offenders to justice. Throughout the justice process we will support young victims and witnesses and treat them with dignity.

Find out more about how we support young victims and witnesses

Youth crime

The Crown Prosecution Service acts in partnership with other agencies such as the police, the youth justice board, children's services, courts and youth offending teams. Each area of the CPS has a youth justice specialist who oversees the prosecution of youth crime in their area.

Find out more about how we prosecute youth crime

Prosecuting Homicide

Murder and manslaughter are two of the offences that constitute homicide.

Manslaughter can be committed in one of three ways:

  1. killing with the intent for murder but where there is provocation, diminished responsibility or a suicide pact.
  2. conduct that was grossly negligent given the risk of death, and resulted in death.
  3. conduct, taking the form of an unlawful act involving a danger of some harm, that caused death.

With some exceptions, the crime of murder is committed, where a person:

  • of sound mind and discretion (i.e. sane):
  • unlawfully kills (i.e. not self-defence or other justified killing)
  • any reasonable creature (human being)
  • in being (born alive and breathing through its own lungs)
  • under the Queen's Peace
  • with intent to kill or cause grievous bodily harm.

There are other specific homicide offences, for example, infanticide, causing death by dangerous driving, and corporate manslaughter.

Find out more about prosecuting homicide

Two teenagers sentenced for killing of Paula Castle


Jenny Hopkins, CPS London Deputy Chief Crown Prosecutor, said: "Paula Castle, an 85 year old woman, was on her way home from the shops in Greenford where she lived when she was attacked and robbed of her handbag. Mrs Castle had a heart condition and was partially sighted. Her robbers targeted her as she was vulnerable and, tragically, she later died from the injuries she sustained during the attack.

"The court today ruled that the two defendants responsible for her death Jiervon Bartlett and Nayed Hoque should be named, despite their ages, because of the nature of their offences.

"Far from showing remorse for their actions, Bartlett and Hoque went on a shopping spree, using Mrs Castle's bank card to top-up a mobile phone and order takeaway food. They then committed a further robbery the next day, targeting another vulnerable victim.

"The CPS worked very closely with our police partners to put a strong case before the court and as a result these individuals are today starting prison sentences for their callous crimes.

"This is a difficult time for Mrs Castle's family and for the second victim and I hope this successful prosecution provides some small measure of comfort."

  • Jiervon Bartlett, 15, and Nayed Hoque, 15, were sentenced to six years for the manslaughter of Paula Castle. They were sentenced to four years for the robbery of Mrs Castle and sentenced to three years for the robbery of the second victim.
  • These sentences will run concurrently.
  • Bartlett pleaded guilty to manslaughter and two counts of robbery on 8 March, Hoque pleaded guilty to the same counts on April 10 at the Central Criminal Court.


Notes to Editors

  1. For media enquiries call the CPS Press Office on 020 3357 0906; Out of Hours Pager 07699 781 926
  2. The DPP has set out what the public can expect from the CPS in the Core Quality Standards document published in March 2010.
  3. The CPS consists of 13 Areas in total, each headed by a Chief Crown Prosecutor (CCP). In addition, there are three specialised national divisions: Central Fraud Division, Special Crime and Counter Terrorism, and Organised Crime. In 2011-2012, The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and Department of Health (DoH) prosecution functions were transferred to the CPS. A telephone service, CPS Direct, provides out-of-hours advice and decisions to police officers across England and Wales.
  4. In 2010-2011 the CPS employed around 7,745 people and prosecuted 957,881 cases with 116,898 of these in the Crown Court, and the remaining 840,983 in the magistrates' courts. Of those we prosecuted, 93,106 defendants were convicted in the Crown Court and 727,491 in the magistrates' courts. In total 86% of cases prosecuted resulted in a conviction. Further information can be found on the CPS website.
  5. The CPS, together with ACPO and media representatives, has developed a Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media. This sets out the type of prosecution material that will normally be released, or considered for release, together with the factors we will take into account when considering requests. Read the Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media.