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The Role of The Crown Prosecution Service

The Crown Prosecution Service is the government department responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales.

As the principal prosecuting authority in England and Wales, we are responsible for:

  • advising the police on cases for possible prosecution
  • reviewing cases submitted by the police
  • determining any charges in more serious or complex cases
  • preparing cases for court
  • presenting cases at court

Find out more about the role of the Crown Prosecution Service

MBE for CPS lawyer who facilitated the first extraditions, restraint, enforcement and repatriation of criminal assets from Dubai, United Arab Emirates


Shane Nainappan, who lives in Kings Langley and is based in CPS HQ in London, has been made awarded a MBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours list for his services to law and order, in particular international co-operation. For the last four years Shane has been working in the United Arab Emirates as the first CPS Liaison Magistrate and Asset Recovery Advisor, fostering closer ties with his legal counterparts there and encouraging the vital work of Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) in the UAE and the region.

Shane Nainappan MBE In cooperation and in partnership with the Emirati authorities, his efforts led to the first extraditions from the UAE to the UK and what is believed to be the first restraint, sale and repatriation of criminal proceeds by a Western authority in relation to the recovery of criminal assets from the UAE. Shane's work has meant that the UK became the preferred partner for MLA work with the UAE authorities and set the benchmark for MLA efforts, amongst Western jurisdictions in the UAE.

Shane said: "You honestly never expect this sort of thing. You come in every day and strive to achieve the best results you can. It has come as a complete surprise. It fills me with a tremendous sense of pride that my work as a CPS Prosecutor is recognised through this award. Personally, I am enormously pleased and proud for the recognition. It is a huge honour for me and my family.

On the nature of his work: "The work of the CPS internationally is vital. Now, more than ever, criminals are working across borders and it is essential that we are to do the same. In working with international partners we're able to tackle crime across the globe and constrict the financial lifelines of organised crime. Our work reminds criminals that you are never far from the long arm of the law.

"Working in country directly alongside our Emirati partners means criminals can no longer enjoy impunity in the UAE from British justice."

In 2011 Shane's work facilitated the extradition to the UK of former Nigerian State Governor James Ibori, an infamous fraudster who went on to plead guilty to 10 counts of money laundering in 2012. He was sentenced to 13 years imprisonment for a fraud worth nearly £50m. This was the first ever extradition between the two countries since the coming into force of the UK/UAE Extradition Treaty in 2008. Including the case of Ibori, there have now been six extraditions in total, five to the UK and one to the UAE. In the process, Shane has also worked with Emirati colleagues to ensure that response times for MLA requests from the UK have as much as halved.

In 2012 Shane oversaw the first restraint of criminal proceeds in the UAE. This asset - an apartment overlooking Dubai's exclusive marina area - was restrained and sold during asset recovery proceedings in cooperation with the UAE Ministry of Justice and Dubai Public Prosecutors Office. It is the first example where real estate (derived from criminal proceeds) was restrained, sold and the proceeds repatriated back to the UK following the UK/UAE Treaty for Mutual Legal Assistance for Criminal Matters (of 2008) and indeed by any Western authority from the UAE.


Notes to Editors

  1. For media enquiries call the CPS Press Office on 020 3357 0906; Out of Hours Pager 07699 781 926
  2. The CPS consists of 13 Areas in total, each headed by a Chief Crown Prosecutor (CCP). In addition, there are three national casework divisions: Specialist Fraud (formerly Central Fraud and Welfare, Rural & Health Divisions), Special Crime & Counter Terrorism and Organised Crime. CPS Direct is a 'virtual' 14th Area which provides charging decisions to all police forces and other investigators across England and Wales - it operates twenty-four hours, seven days a week, 365 days a year.
  3. At 31 March 2014 we employed a workforce of approximately 6237 staff (full time equivalent), including around 2226 prosecutors and 3629 caseworkers and administrators. Further information can be found on our website:
  4. The CPS, together with ACPO and media representatives, has developed a Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media. This sets out the type of prosecution material that will normally be released, or considered for release, together with the factors we will take into account when considering requests. Read the Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media.