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Decision to Charge

Once the Police have completed their investigations, they will refer the case to the Crown Prosecution Service for advice on how to proceed. We will then make a decision on whether a suspect should be charged, and what that charge should be.

Find out more about private prosecutions

The Role of The Crown Prosecution Service

The Crown Prosecution Service is the government department responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales.

As the principal prosecuting authority in England and Wales, we are responsible for:

  • advising the police on cases for possible prosecution
  • reviewing cases submitted by the police
  • determining any charges in more serious or complex cases
  • preparing cases for court
  • presenting cases at court

Find out more about the role of the Crown Prosecution Service

Milan Mandaric charged with cheating the public revenue


Milan Mandaric, the former chairman of Portsmouth City Football Club, has today been charged with two counts of cheating the public revenue following a decision by the CPS Revenue and Customs Division.

Following a thorough investigation by HM Revenue & Customs and the City of London Police, the CPS decided there was sufficient evidence and it was in the public interest to charge Mr Mandaric with two counts of cheating the public revenue. The charges are in relation to the payment of $295,000 from Mr Mandaric to another via a bank account in Monaco, evading the tax and national insurance contributions due between 1 April 2002 and 28 November 2007. Mr Mandaric will appear at the City of Westminster Magistrates' Court on 11 February.


  1. Media enquiries by phone: 020 7710 8127. Out of hours pager: 07699 781926.
  2. From 1 January 2010, the Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office has been merged with the Crown Prosecution Service.
  3. On 2 April 2009, the Attorney General, Baroness Scotland of Asthal QC, following a strategic review of the Law Officers' Departments, announced the merger of the Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office (RCPO) and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to provide enhanced prosecution services for the public and safeguard and improve the already high quality work done in both services.
  4. The merger of the CPS and RCPO will enable the delivery of enhanced specialist services for some of the most complex and demanding cases investigated by the police, the Serious Organised Crime Agency, the new UK Border Agency and HM Revenue and Customs. It will allow greater flexibility in response to crimes that may cut across or involve cooperation between these investigators.
  5. The Crown Prosecution Service is the independent authority responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales. It is responsible for:
    • Advising the police and reviewing the evidence on cases for possible prosecution
    • Deciding the charge where the decision is to prosecute
    • Preparing cases for court
    • Presenting cases at court
  6. The CPS consists of 42 Areas in total, each headed by a Chief Crown Prosecutor (CCP). These are organised into 14 Groups, plus CPS London, each overseen by Group Chair, a senior CCP. In addition there are fivespecialised national divisions: Organised Crime, Special Crime, Counter-Terrorism, the Fraud Prosecution Division and Revenue and Customs. A telephone service, CPS Direct, provides out-of-hours advice and decisions to police officers across England and Wales. The CPS employs around 8,250 people and prosecuted 1,032,598 cases with an overall conviction rate of 86.6% in 2008-2009. Further information can be found on our website.

    More about the CPS

  7. The DPP has published his long term vision for the prosecution service and its role within the wider criminal justice system. It includes modernising the service and increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of criminal justice - read "The Public Prosecution Service: Setting the Standard" at
  8. The CPS, together with ACPO and media representatives, has developed a Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media. This sets out the type of prosecution material that will normally be released, or considered for release, together with the factors we will take into account when considering requests.

    Publicity and the Criminal Justice System protocol