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Prosecuting Homicide

Murder and manslaughter are two of the offences that constitute homicide.

Manslaughter can be committed in one of three ways:

  1. killing with the intent for murder but where there is provocation, diminished responsibility or a suicide pact.
  2. conduct that was grossly negligent given the risk of death, and resulted in death.
  3. conduct, taking the form of an unlawful act involving a danger of some harm, that caused death.

With some exceptions, the crime of murder is committed, where a person:

  • of sound mind and discretion (i.e. sane):
  • unlawfully kills (i.e. not self-defence or other justified killing)
  • any reasonable creature (human being)
  • in being (born alive and breathing through its own lungs)
  • under the Queen's Peace
  • with intent to kill or cause grievous bodily harm.

There are other specific homicide offences, for example, infanticide, causing death by dangerous driving, and corporate manslaughter.

Find out more about prosecuting homicide

Anxiang Du guilty of murder


Anxiang Du, a businessman from the Midlands, has been found guilty of the murder of a family of four in Northampton.

Steve Chappell, Chief Crown Prosecutor, CPS East Midlands said: "This was a brutal, shocking crime. Anxiang Du travelled to the Dings' home armed with a knife and killed the whole family in their own home. The evidence was clear that this was an act of pre-meditated revenge and Du knew what he was doing. The jury had the option to consider a verdict of manslaughter, but has delivered a verdict that confirms he was fully responsible for his actions and is guilty of murder.

"The Crown Prosecution Service has been working with the police since the very outset, providing advice to the investigation and taking all the required legal steps to ensure that Du could be brought back to the UK to face trial.

"The Ding family were honest, hard-working and well-liked people. It is a tragedy that their lives were cut short in this way. Our thoughts and condolences are with their family and friends."

Background information:

Du murdered Jifeng Ding, known as Jeff; his wife Ge Chui, known as Helen, and their daughters Xing (18) and Alice (12) in their home in Wooton, Northamptonshire, on 29 April 2011.

After the murder Ding left the country, and was eventually found in Morocco where he was arrested and extradited back to the UK.

He admitted the killings but raised the partial defences of diminished responsibility and loss of control on the basis of his mental health at the time. He was tried on four counts of murder and today found guilty at Northampton Crown Court.


Notes to Editors

  1. For media enquiries call the CPS Press Office on 020 3357 0906; Out of Hours Pager 07699 781 926
  2. The CPS consists of 13 Areas in total, each headed by a Chief Crown Prosecutor (CCP). In addition, there are four national casework divisions: Central Fraud, Welfare Rural & Health, Special Crime & Counter Terrorism and Organised Crime. A 'virtual' 14th Area is CPS Direct which provides charging decisions to all police forces and other investigators across England and Wales - it operates twenty-four hours, seven days a week, 365 days a year.
  3. At 31 March 2013 we employed a workforce of approximately 6840 staff (full time equivalent), including around 2350 prosecutors and 4110 caseworkers and administrators. Further information can be found on our website:
  4. The CPS, together with ACPO and media representatives, has developed a Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media. This sets out the type of prosecution material that will normally be released, or considered for release, together with the factors we will take into account when considering requests. Read the Protocol for the release of prosecution material to the media.