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Annex F: Glossary

  • European Arrest Warrant - a simplified system of extradition used by all 27 European Union Member States, and also by Gibraltar, that replaces the former lengthier procedure.
  • Export extradition request - request for the extradition of someone from the United Kingdom.  Also known as 'incoming' extradition in other government departments including the Home Office. Please beware of the potential for confusion.  
  • Import extradition request - request for the extradition of someone to the United Kingdom.  Also known as 'outgoing' extradition in other government departments including the Home Office. Please beware of the potential for confusion.  
  • Provisional arrest - emergency procedure for securing the urgent arrest of someone who is wanted for extradition pending submission of the EAW or extradition request.
  • Schengen Information System - an EU computerised law enforcement information system. Amongst categories of information carried are 'alerts' for persons wanted for extradition. The UK is currently considering adoption of phase two of the system, referred to as SIS II; no date has been agreed yet. When the UK starts to operate the Schengen system a police officer making routine checks on a person will be able to arrest that person on the strength of alerts from other countries, and extradition proceedings will then commence. Provision for these changes has been made via amendments to sections 204 and 212 of the Extradition Act 2003, made via sections 68 and 69 of the Policing and Crime Act 2009. 
  • Speciality - the principle that following extradition the surrendered person shall only be tried and / or sentenced for the criminal conduct in respect of which he was extradited.
  • 'The person' - the Extradition Act 2003 refers to the person whose extradition is sought as 'the person'.
  • Veiled extradition - where a State seeks to circumvent or manipulate the extradition process by securing the fugitive's return by non-prescribed methods. Any criminal proceedings following return in these circumstances are at risk of being stayed as an abuse of process.

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