Advanced Search


We want to hear your views about our prosecution policy. You can help us to be better informed, fairer and more representative by participating in our consultations.

Latest Consultations

Consultation on CPS Legal Guidance on Secondary Liability

The CPS has revised its Legal Guidance on Secondary Liability (previously titled "Joint Enterprise") following the decision of the Supreme Court in R v Jogee; Ruddock v The Queen [2016] UKSC 8; UKPC 7.

This Legal Guidance has been published in interim guidance form, which you should read in order to respond to the consultation. The interim guidance will be in effect during the period of this consultation. If the consultation results in changes being made to this interim guidance, the legal guidance will be updated accordingly.

This consultation document sets out the main principles of secondary liability, as stated in Jogee, and provides guidance on how prosecutors should approach charging decisions in cases of secondary liability, in particular those that involve conditional intent and those that involve group assaults.

We want to know what you think.

We welcome your comments by 23:59 hrs on 28 September 2017.

How to respond to consultations

  1. Visit the consultation page
  2. Read the consultation documents
  3. You can respond to the consultation in writing or by email
  4. There may be a consultation response sheet to download and complete
  5. Send your response to the email address or post address listed on the consultation page
  6. Make sure you submit your response by the closing date

Latest consultation outcomes

Consultation on Interim Revised CPS Guidelines on Prosecuting Social Media Cases - Summary of Responses

This is a summary of responses to the public consultation undertaken by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) on the revised Guidelines on prosecuting cases involving communications sent via social media.

We decided to refresh the Guidelines, to reflect a number of recent legal and social developments and to clarify various aspects of the Guidelines. We launched a ten week public consultation on the revised Guidelines on 3 March 2016.

In light of the responses received, we have made a significant number of further changes to the Guidelines, including six new sections or subsections on:

  • Overlapping hate crime.
  • Vulnerable and intimidated witnesses.
  • Community impact statements.
  • Reporting and preventing abuse on social media.
  • Obtaining social media evidence.
  • Jurisdiction.

The consultation response can be accessed below:

Summary of Responses to the Consultation on Interim Revised CPS Guidelines on Prosecuting Social Media Cases

CPS responses to consultations

Ministry of Justice consultation: Transforming legal aid - delivering a more credible and efficient system

The CPS response focuses on the conultation's proposals in respect of criminal legal aid only, where the CPS has an interest.

CPS response to MoJ consultation on reforming legal aid (approx 26.8kb)

Consultation Categories

Crimes against the person




There are no expired consultations


Hate Crime

Sexual Crime

Transport Crime


There are no current Transport Crime consultations


There are no expired Transport Crime consultations


Victims and Witnesses